Zamora's geographic location enjoys perfect nature, full of contrasts and with a wide variety of landscapes thanks to the diversity of the territories that form its regions, which are not similar, but complementary to each other.
In the northeast, the Cabrera mountain range forms a natural boundary between Sanabria and León, while La Calva, a system of glacial lakes with the Lago de Sanabria the most important, forms a boundary between Sanabria and Orense. Sanabria's orography provides mountains and more mountains with the highest peaks and highest yearly snowfall on the Sierra Segundera. The Sierra de la Atalaya gives way to the Sierra de la Culebra into Aliste, with scrubland-covered rolling hills where forests of holm oak, oak and chestnut forests abound, providing shelter for the densest wolf population on the peninsula. The Aliste River cuts through the region and empties crystal-clear water into its numerous tributaries, whose banks are dotted with picturesque little villages. Sayago's granite landscape, on a plain that borders the Duero River to the north, separates it from Aliste. To the west, on its natural border with Portugal, there is a very long, deep canyon sculpted by the river in a granite mass known as the Arribes del Duero, whose rugged slopes are home to an important sample of provincial fauna. Holm oaks and rocky outcrops mingle with the province's infrequent crops, like olives and fruit.
In the northeast are Benavente’s valleys, soft and undulating, with fertile soil watered by the Tera, Orbigo, Eria and Cea rivers. Four valleys divide these lands. To the north is the Vidriales valley and further down is the Tera valley, humid and marshy. To the south is the Valverde valley and the Eria valley is in the west. The Cea River borders with the Tierra de Campos, where grain is the king of prairie. There is little forest and the only river that crosses the region is the Valderaduey, whose volume increases considerably in winter. This region is home to the Lagunas de Villafáfila, important to thousands of aquatic birds that use this place as a resting point in their migrations. Finally, in the southeast are the regions of Toro, Vino and Guareña, where the Guareña river fills the region with gullies and the vineyards become the focus of the landscape.